自动气象站各要素传感器检定结果的不确定度分析

自动气象站各要素传感器检定结果的不确定度分析
朱乐坤 郑丽春中国气象局大气探测技术中心,北京100081 湖南省气象技术装备中心,长沙410007摘 要:自动气象站是由各要素的传感器和数据采集器组成的.随着时间的推移,各传感器和数据采集器的测量误差将会发生漂移.为确保各要素观测数据的准确、可靠并具有可比性,定期开展自动气象站的检定和校准是非常重要的.通过检定将各要素系统误差控制在允许范围内,并对检定结果进行不确定度分析,是考察检定结果可信程度的重要步骤.本文依据自动气象站检定规程及JJF1059-1999《测量不确定度评定与表示》的要求,并根据检定数据,进行自动气象站的各要素检定结果的不确定度分析,对自动气象站检定结果可信度评估具有指导意义.

关键词:自动气象站 各要素传感器 检定结果 不确定度分析
分类号: TP212文献标识码:文章编号:栏目信息:业务系统
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Uncertainty Analysis of Various Sensors Calibration Results for AWSZhu Lekun, Zheng Lichun 1 Atmospheric Observation Technology Center, China Meteorological andyistration , Beijing 100081 ;2 Hunan Provincial Meteorological Technology Equipment Center, Changsha 410007Abstract:All measuring results contain errors. When using high accurate instruments, the measuring error is small; otherwise, the measuring error is big. If any measuring instrument doesn't pass the calibration or verification, its measuring value doesn't have a relation to trace the origins, so the measuring value is not trustworthy. AWS is composed of various meteorological sensors (air pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, air humidity, wind direction, wind speed, precipitation and so on), data-collecting, data-processing, data-storage and data-display, etc. It is the same as other ordinary meteorological instruments that as time goes on the measuring errors of various meteorological sensors and data-loggers will drift. In order to guarantee the accuracy, the reliability, the comparability on the measuring value, using the same standard meteorological instruments and relative calibration equipment in accordance with verification regulation or calibration specification and to carry out the periodical verification and calibration of various meteorological sensors and the data-collecting of AWS are very important. By means of the analysis on the calibration results' uncertainty, it is an importance stage to examine the reliability of the calibration or verification results. How to carry out the evaluation of the uncertainties of the verification results is the technique problem which usually occurs when setting up a standard and replying to the check. Because the instrument structure principle and the using environment conditions are different, the quantity of type B standard uncertainty is different. According to JJF1059-1999 "evaluation and expression of uncertainty in measurement", the method of the evaluation for type A standard uncertainty, the evaluation of synthesize standard uncertainty and the evaluation of expand uncertainty are the same. The evaluation of type B standard uncertainty is different. It must be noticed that, when carrying out the evaluation of the uncertainties in the measurement, it is not repeated and not left out. Otherwise, it will bring nonscientific or unjust judgment for the evaluation and expression of the uncertainties of the verification or calibration results. According to verification regulation of AWS, evaluation and expression of uncertainty in measurement (JJF1059-1999), the simplification evaluation of uncertainty in measurement and the verification or calibration data, the uncertainty of measuring results of different meteorological sensors will be analyzed in details, it has important instructional significance to the evaluation of the credibility of other type AWS and normal meteorological instruments verification result.

Key words:AWS; various meteorological sensors ; calibration result ; uncertainty analysis

收稿日期: 2006-05-12修订日期: 2006-08-08基金资助:
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